Most health professionals who support students on their learning journey discover they need additional skills and support to be effective supervisors.
In this video, Building skills in clinical education: Facilitating the learning journey - YouTube Teresa and Anne from the School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland talk about ways learning can be facilitated on student placements.
Supporting the student's journey
Adults tend to learn best when they are allowed to take responsibility for the learning process. The supervisor’s role is to facilitate self-directed learning rather than teach. A key concept to consider is the supervisor’s role as a coach, encouraging the student to find out or talk/think through the answer, rather than telling them as a teacher. The supervisor should ask guiding questions to encourage the student to test options, analyse risk and consider limitations and innovations. For students, the ability to drive one’s own learning is an essential skill in learning to manage varied and unpredictable clinical scenarios.
Tips to support the student's journey include:
Creating opportunities for self-directed learning
Working collaboratively with the student to identify opportunities and resources to support the achievement of learning objectives:
Considering learning styles
Facilitating skill acquisition
One of the challenges for supervisors is knowing the stage the student is at, and adjusting the supervision (level of instruction, amount of support) accordingly. The infographic below explains Peyton’s 4-step teaching approach on skill acquisition:
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